Free Economic Zone of Tirana
Tirana starts the technological SEZ.
Already in September 2018, during the presentation of the Subsidiarity Report 2017/2018 “Subsidiarity and … young people in the South”, presented by Prof. Giorgio Vittadini and organized by Italian Network in Tirana, Dr. Roberto Laera, President and Director of the same, stated: “Attracting foreign investments is important: because these favor local economic actors, bringing precious resources that automatically increase the virtuous cycle of national companies.
In order to promote economic growth and job creation, many countries have experimented with the creation of “advantage zones” for setting up new businesses:
The Special Economic Zones (SEZ)
geographical areas in which a government authority offers incentives for the benefit of the companies that operate there, through tools and concessions.
The Special Economic Zones, mainly present in developing countries, have as their fundamental objective the increase of the competitiveness of the established companies, the attraction of direct investments, especially by foreign subjects, the increase in exports, the creation of new jobs and the more general strengthening of the productive fabric, through stimuli for industrial growth and innovation.
Technology parks that promote the culture of innovation and the competitiveness of associated companies and other institutions involved, stimulate and manage the flows of knowledge between universities, research centers, companies and markets, facilitating the creation and growth of innovative companies through processes of incubation and support for spin-offs, as well as the provision of other high value-added services.
An innovation district developed in the city of Tirana could be defined as a top-down innovation ecosystem built on the basis of multidimensional models of innovation aimed at strengthening the competitiveness of the city area.
All this, taking into account the economic characteristics, the low Albanian tax burden, the flexibility of employment contracts, could constitute a valid premise for the investment attraction models, already put into practice by other countries, can favor economic and technological development. and cultural heritage of the Republic of Albania and therefore to respond to those young people who have as their sole objective emigration to countries in northern Europe or the United States. “
The concept was reiterated in June 2019, during the round table entitled: “” Special Economic Zones – A STEERING WHEEL- for the development of the country “organized by Italian Network and EDS Foundation, in which Roberto Laera always stated:” The Special Economics, mainly present in developing countries, have as their fundamental objective the increase in the competitiveness of established companies, the attraction of direct investments, especially by foreign subjects, the increase in exports, the creation of new jobs work and the more general strengthening of the productive fabric, through stimuli for industrial growth and innovation.
Technology parks that promote the culture of innovation and the competitiveness of associated companies and other institutions involved, stimulate and manage the flows of knowledge between universities, research centers, companies and markets, facilitating the creation and growth of innovative companies through processes of incubation and support for spin-offs, as well as the provision of other high value-added services. “
It seems that the Government and the Municipality of Tirana have listened to the requests and suggestions coming from Italian Network.
Kashar Technology and Economic Development Zone will be studied for a business plan that will then orient investors towards this region.
The Municipality of Tirana has announced the winning company ABKONS that will provide this consultancy for the feasibility study and business plan of the TEDA area.
This step took place after the approval in the Strategic Investment Commission earlier this year of the request from the Municipality where it was argued that the development of this area should have brought 102 million euros of investments and a maximum of 7 thousand jobs.
In the documents, the Municipality of Tirana argues that priority will be given to technology industries such as the automotive, ICT and electronics industries.
Despite the impact of the global crisis on the automotive market, this sector continues to be competitive and promising. To the strengths of the region, such as competition, geographical proximity to European markets and low-cost labor, is added the historical experience of the Balkan countries in the period before the 90s, in the production of automotive components.
Taking into account all the above factors, Albania represents considerable potential for the development of these industries, taking into account the educated workforce, among the newest in Europe and the cheapest, very good connection with the markets of Europe western and eastern ones ”assesses the municipality’s document.
The basic concepts of this project are Greenfield, or, in other words, customized from scratch. All interested investors will have the opportunity to competitively lease the land they need and build themselves, based on the relevant specifications, the necessary facilities and production facilities.
The selected area is about 35 hectares, while the whole undeveloped plain area can be expanded up to 150 hectares, in case of increased demand. The overall surface of the area can be divided in such a way as to create so-called “islands”, differentiated in such a way as to adapt to the type and size of the farms. The administrative and service offices will also be present on the territory, thus creating an environment with all the necessary services for businesses.
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